For example, several consumer protection and advocacy groups have been formed to offer referrals for people who have been the victim of fraudulent business practices. Homogeneity and Diversity in Groups Most groups are diverse as well as homogeneous. As we already learned, other groups are formed primarily to accomplish a task.
So, while there is no set upper limit on the number of group members, it makes sense that the number of group members should be limited to those necessary to accomplish the goal or serve the purpose of the group.
Instead, the end goal is a well-thought-out idea. Not only is this an area where leadership stands a great opportunity to generate motivation, highlight achievement, and build esprit de corps, however, at the same time, without accountability, some individuals might attempt to skate by while others do all the work.
Although it can be frustrating to have your job, grade, or reputation partially dependent on the actions of others, the interdependent nature of groups can also lead to higher-quality performance and output, especially when group members are accountable for their actions.
They form the basis of our society and our individual social realities. Interdependence Small groups exhibit interdependencemeaning they share a common purpose and a common fate. Control Need- This is the need to have status and power.
This can make coordination easy when only one or two people need to be brought in for a decision. Discuss the characteristics of small groups. For example, a commission that is put together by a legislative body to look into ethical violations in athletic organizations will likely have less control over its external factors than a self-created weekly book club.
Some people like to have the control over others, and some people who seek direction have the need to be controlled Affection Need-This concerns with the humans need for affection.
But decentralized groups are more effective at solving complex problems. Today, groups are rarely such a matter of life and death, but they still serve important instrumental functions. So how can we help to avoid such things?
At a family reunion, for example, matching t-shirts specially made for the occasion, dishes made from recipes passed down from generation to generation, and shared stories of family members that have passed away help establish a shared identity and social reality. The group itself may also be a part of an organizational hierarchy that networks the group into a larger organizational structure.
Compare and contrast different types of small groups. Next, leaders should hold each group member to a set standard of accountability, and align that standard to the previously expressed definition of required commitment.
This concern is valid in that their grades might suffer because of the negative actions of someone else or their hard work may go to benefit the group member who just skated by.
In such groups, like a committee or study group, interactions and decisions are primarily evaluated based on the quality of the final product or output. Small group communication refers to interactions among three or more people who are connected through a common purpose, mutual influence, and a shared identity.
Clarifying the mutuality of concern will reduce the misunderstandings and conflicts of the group. Part of a leaders inherent responsibility of being a leader is the stewardship of leadership itself, and that means helping those who support you grow and develop themselves so they can achieve their own desired goals.
What is mutuality of concern?
So, to answer the earlier question, we join groups because they function to help us meet instrumental, interpersonal, and identity needs. Group meeting attendance is a clear example of the interdependent nature of group interaction. Decision making is directed at strengthening or repairing relationships rather than completing discrete tasks or debating specific ideas or courses of action.
This should be followed up by getting feedback from each member of the group to understand the level of commitment each member currently has. Finally, hold everyone to a set standard of accountability — and that includes yourself.
This type of formal network is especially important in groups that have to report to external stakeholders. Group Attraction The individual is attracted to the group itself. Essentially, it is imperative for leaders to clearly understand the degree to which each member is concerned with the groups mission from the beginning, and that means getting all group members to clearly state their level of personal commitment to the group, their needs while a member of the group, and their goals both personal and professional.
Even within a family, some members may not attend a reunion or get as excited about the matching t-shirts as others. Since this person has access to the most information, which is usually a sign of leadership or status, he or she could consciously decide to limit the flow of information.
Even still, as a leader, it is important to remember that the majority of people who want to be a member of the group actually want to be there, so it is very important not to jump to conclusions prematurely either.
In any given situation individual and group needs will cause one of the following outcomes: Groups faced with discussion tasks are asked to talk through something without trying to come up with a right or wrong answer.
To more specifically look at the types of small groups that exist, we can examine why groups form. This factor will diminish over time and is more important to males than females. We also interact in many secondary groupswhich are characterized by less frequent face-to-face interactions, less emotional and relational communication, and more task-related communication than primary groups Barker, Communicating in Small Groups: Principles and Practices, 10th Edition.
Steven A. Beebe, Texas State University - San Marcos relevant, and up-to-date information, Communicating in Small Groups balances the principles of small group communication with real world applications.
With an emphasis on real world Establishing Mutuality. The systems theory of small group communication can be compared to the concept of the way the various organs of the body which work together to make up the larger system-person Not one of the common characteristics of the definition of small group communications.
does NOT contribute to the establishment of a "mutuality of concern. View Notes - 3. Small Group Formation from CMN at DePaul University. Mutuality of concern - the degree to which members share the same level of commitment to the group or team 3.
Attraction. Simply put, mutuality of concern is the idea that members of the same group each individually share in similar levels of commitment for the group, it’s goals, etc., and that each member has. View Test Prep - Exam 1 study guide from COM at University of Rhode Island.
COM Small Group Communication Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 Define small group communication%(2). for example a true concern for their purpose. Small groups are typically considered to be comprised of between 3 and 13 people A work group is a collection of people working in the same area or placed together to classes with a religious or spiritual group, or taking a communication course in public speaking.Download